Communications is considered an essential service and is vital for any organization to maintain business continuity. Companies that operate in remote locations rely heavily on their network to provide real-time data. The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is an emerging trend that offers advanced connectivity of devices, systems, sensors and services to improve operational efficiency. As organizations migrate over to a “Next Generation Network” they’re going to require an increase in bandwidth and security.
- Microwave (Point-to-Point)
Satellite is usually considered as a last alternative due to the limitations associated with latency, speed and high data transfer charges. In certain situations, a satellite system is the only application that can be deployed and is also widely used as a redundant solution.
Telephone/ADSL offers increased data transmission over copper telephone lines, but is limited to short distances, typically less than 4 kilometres. This option presents a challenge to remote operations that are not within close proximity of a central office or telephone exchange.
Cellular coverage has greatly increased over the past 15 years and allows organizations to leverage their existing smart devices or hubs. Mobile hotspots provide reliable connectivity; however, data charges can be costly.
Microwave technology continues to evolve at an accelerated rate with speeds ranging from 5 Mbps to over 1 Gbps. Organizations can receive guaranteed speeds (symmetrical) over increased distances and are able to greatly reduce their data charges. A clean line-of sight (LoS) is required to establish a reliable link; adding repeaters can overcome LoS issues. Installing a wireless network can be a cost-effective alternative to deploying a satellite system or trenching fibre.
Fibre is advantageous for long-distance communications and requires fewer repeaters. A single fibre can carry more data than a standard Cat5 cable. Installation costs of fibre optics are still extremely high and can be challenging to deploy in remote regions.
A company can benefit from having a team of professionals perform a site survey to select a suitable option for any location, no matter how remote.